The replacement of the Line 3 pipeline supported thousands of construction jobs over the seven-year project.
In addition to the construction laborers themselves, Enbridge has employed (either directly or using subcontracts) engineers, right-of-way agents, environmental monitors, project managers, and construction supervisors to complete the project.
Employment for the project began to accelerate dramatically in December of 2020, peaking at nearly 5,500 workers in February 2021.
According to the estimates, roughly 4,157 workers have been employed each year of the Line 3 project.
The majority have been in construction (1,842 employees annually), followed by project management and support (141 annually), and environmental monitoring (101 annually).
The research team estimated that more than $1.4 billion in labor income (wages) has been paid throughout the life of the project, more than $1.1 billion of which went to workers in construction, specifically construction laborers.
Roughly half of the construction laborers employed on the project have been residents of the study area.